English grammar is tricky, and there are more exceptions to many rules than we would like. Universal Grammar permits all children to acquire the language of their environment during a critical period of development. : Describing words for verbs, adjectives and other adverbs. What are causative verbs? They have to find out the chosen face by asking questions: “Do they wear glasses?” – “Is it someone who wears glasses?”. : When something is done to the subject. Grammar learning strategies instruction in the foreign language classroom: The case of English majors. 1. To reinforce these points you can set homework (such as essay questions) that are designed to get the student to use the taught grammar. : Verbs that can be used as nouns or paired with other verbs. Give an object (e.g. “I want to go.” / “He needs to do his homework.” / “She has to buy a ticket.”. Using games to teach grammar not only engages students but also helps them to remember what they’ve learned.This method allows teachers to tailor their lessons to the different learning styles of students. What are adjectives? After the reading exercise, the teacher asks students various questions about when each character did something. Applicable techniques to better connect with your students. Check our data privacy policy. The students then have to do what you say. “He suddenly woke up.” / “The car is very small.” / “She sings really well.”. We start with specific examples such as sentences that all use a particular grammar point. : Describing words for nouns. Use the phrase “I spy with my little eye, something beginning with…” followed by the first letter of a noun that is in the room. “I went to the shop.” / “I am going to the shop.” / “I will go to the shop.”. To use it, you teach grammar through a discovery process, allowing students to discover how the rules function over the course of various exercises. This is in contrast with deductive teaching which starts by teaching the rule/s first and then looking at examples afterward. Your task as an educator doesn’t stop from the walls of the classroom. Then get the student to insert an adverb. you can unsubscribe at any time. The following teaching strategies suggested are ous grammar books and journals on the teaching of English grammar articles. Study Abroad and Work Abroad on Your Resume, Most Common Teaching Styles Used with Elementary School Students, Four Tips for Using Game Technology to Engage Students. : A clause that adds additional information to a sentence. Teaching children and teaching adults can be two very different things! Split the students into groups of three: the boss, the boss’s assistant, and the worker. Music brings people closer together. At this point you can introduce sentences where one is a preferable choice: You can explain the situations where gerunds are prefered and situations where to-infinitives are preferred. Even if they showed you a syllabus of what they have covered, there may be some areas that require doubling back on if they have forgotten or didn’t understand properly in the first place. While this does make you a natural at speaking the language, it can present some problems when it comes to teaching it. Let’s have a look at how it works. Most students who have spent any time with the language knows that we have to use them but they do get a fair amount of misuse. Cultivate Relationships and Be Culturally Responsive. Subscribe Today! When teaching children, a big challenge is engagement. “He eats sandwiches.” – “He eats sandwiches noisily.”. Also, it’s a good idea not to drop too much on them at once. You do not want to find yourself at the mercy of one of those exceptions while up in front of the class. Causatives are usually a little more advanced but you can still have a lot of fun with them especially as there’s a lot of opportunity to get movement involved and act things out. For the background information, there is a more in-depth resource list at the end of the article. This is a great area to get your students interacting with each other and testing their listening skills at the same time. It’s important to tackle common mistakes early before they become fossilized, otherwise, it can be an uphill battle! “I have a car.” / “Do you want an apple?” / “I will take the day off work.”. a ball) to a student and ask the others whose it is (“his”, “Jim’s”, etc). If we want our young learners to be effective learners of vocabulary, we have to invest in teaching them strategies that help them to remember the words and produce them when they need them. Start by introducing two sentences, one using a to-infinitive and one using a gerund: Once they have seen that you can use both in similar ways then the next obvious question is “why should we use one or the other?”. Inequities have long been present in the American education system. One method of teaching which has had a lot of success is teaching grammar in context. As it is likely to be children you are teaching, it may help to be a little more interactive and use props to help engage them in the lesson. Cultivating Diversity, Inclusion, and Equity:... How to develop curriculum materials in ESL and ESOL. After that you can get them to correct mistakes, choose between a gerund or to-infinitive and then finally give them scenarios where they get a chance to form their own sentences with either type of verb. Theories about first and second language acquisition processes and their interrelationship with the teaching/learning process. Teaching adults with regards to grammar can sometimes be easier. People also use music as a means to escape from reality. Many of us do not even fully understand our own grammar rules. Learning grammar can be no easy task and teaching it can be even harder! Proper planning will allow you to avoid a lot of undesirable situations such as giving an example off the cuff, only to discover it does not work as perfectly as you thought it would. Most languages will have an equivalent so it is quite an easy concept to grasp. It’s important to show why these are useful and why someone would want to use these. by Sylvia Linan-Thompson and Sharon Vaughn. The SHARE Team. To address things like the simple past and present perfect, the teacher asks about when things happened at a specific time in the past versus in a person’s general experience. Doing activities that get them physically involved (games), mixing up activities often and using examples with things like pictures will help draw them into the subject. Let's face it, grammar is difficult to differentiate, it is cut and dry, and usually resources are lacking which leads to a lot of pre-planning. : Actions and when they happen in time. After six repetitions, the newly-acquired language skills are usually still only passively activated. Utilizing Visuals. For a more competitive element, you could split the class into two teams who have to work together to complete the task first. That being said, while this method can be very successful with some aspects of grammar which are generally straightforward (such as adjectives), there are some areas of grammar (such as articles) where it may not be as effective due to the large number of rules and irregularities that can occur. Browse our archive of grammar worksheets here on JIMMYESL. When tackling the topic of to-infinitives it is most likely a good idea to bring gerunds into the mix as they can sometimes act in similar ways. Over t… Can we make it more interactive and dare I say, even fun? As an ESL teacher, it’s your duty to make sure your students both understand how grammar works and how to use it. Now adverbs get a little trickier. They are not arbitrary systems imagined out of thin air. Here are some of the common grammar mistakes you should watch out for with your students: If you are teaching a particular grammar point then it is important to stop a student and correct them immediately if they make a mistake related to that grammar point. Adults tend to have a little more patience and are usually ok taking their time to focus on each point without needing a new activity every few minutes or a game to liven things up. One method of teaching which has had a lot of success is teaching grammar in context. I limit myself to no more than five words per chapter sinceresearch has shown that students acquire new vocabulary faster if teachers focus in on five to ten words a week instead of overwhelming students with lengthy lists. Ask the students to convert a sentence from an active voice to the passive voice and vice versa. “I had my haircut.”/ “I got Jim to fix the car.” / “I got my house cleaned.”. By allowing English learners to go through this process, they discover on their own how grammar functions when discussing time. Pair students up. When explaining structure you and your students need to see what is happening in order to make sense of it. It then forces students to engage cognitively instead of passively taking in a presentation which they may or may not be on board with. Teaching grammar has been known to be a dry and boring subject. What are verbs and verb tenses? This is where inductive teaching can play a valuable part. You will only get better with practice. The best ways to correct language errors with our students who are learning English is to do so in a way that preserves the student’s dignity and self-confidence. “I went to the place where I was born.” / “I bought a dress that looks really nice.” / “This is that person who I told you about.”. Click or Tap the Button Below. This is more likely to have the concept “stick” when the student speaks in the language in the future. The more learning resources you have the easier it will be for you to employ different strategies when teaching your students grammar. The aim of this paper is to present and also introduce a new educational challenge to the readers, namely teaching and learning grammar in an educational environment where the aim is the desire to make : Making somebody else do an action. Maybe some have had some prior outside tuition and have covered certain areas, these students can be assigned harder tasks to avoid boredom but the vast majority will be at the same level. When things get more difficult though they will need an extra push in seeing why it has use and why they should use a more difficult sentence structure (compared to using two separate simple sentences.). Maybe introduce the present simple tense into a class on verbs, instead of bombarding them on all of the simple tenses and their rules for a whole class. They then each take it in turns to ask questions and find out which card the other player has. More info on gerunds and present participles. Now that we have gone over an overview of grammar overall, it’s time to look at the methods of delivery for each specific area. Students, especially those without recent educational backgrounds, such as adult learners, often learn more quickly using this method. “That is my car.”/ “This is yours.” / “The summer of love.”. After using some of these 33 strategies and activities, don’t be surprised if you’re soon being harassed by other teachers who want to know your secrets! A student has to get either the teacher or other students to guess a particular word by only using adjectives to describe what it is. In English there are certain rules that have to be obeyed though such as: We can also open things up by talking about topics such as compound nouns, collective nouns as well as abstract nouns. It’s very easy to explain these to beginners and nouns are some of the first words that students learn. Grammar in any language is important, that’s a fact and English grammar is no exception. Not everyone learns grammar in a fixed order so the things a student knows can be a bit “random”. Take the time to learn how your language works so you can teach it to others. What are to-infinitives? One thing that needs to be known before we start teaching grammar is what the students actually know. The students then use these examples to come to their own conclusions about what the rule is. Early childhood education can play an essential role in preparing young English language learners (ELLs) for later success in school. This population continues to increase more rapidly than that of native English speaking students … A key ELD strategy is to provide comprehensible input for the English language learner by the use of visuals, realia, and gestures. What are adverbs? LIMITED OFFER: Get 60% off your online TEFL course. Jonathan is a native English teacher with 4+ years of teaching experience. https://resilienteducator.com/classroom-resources/tips-for-teaching-grammar-to-esl-students/. Teaching Grammar in Context. If you take the time to observe and implement the above tips, you will certainly improve your lesson. Be aware though that the more advanced students can ask you a lot of background questions about a particular topic especially if they are very interested — e.g “why would we use the past perfect continuous instead of the past simple?” — so it’s a good idea to make sure you are prepared! The difference with this game is that we have to use a relative clause in our questions. In contrast to this is the deductive approach. Have student 1 say a sentence. Help students diagram similarities and differences: When students generate a list of similarities and … There is no doubt that teaching grammar to ESL students is challenging, but it can also be rewarding. First look at sentence structure, look at the differences between phrases, clauses and sentences. : They tell us if a noun is specific or general. Inductive learning is also known as the bottom-up method. 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