7. Recognize vulnerabilities of different elements and 7. Human beings; Dwellings/households and communities; Buildings and structure; Public facilities and infrastructure assets; Public and transport system; Agricultural commodities; and Environmental … •To recognize vulnerabilities of different elements exposed to specific hazards ACTIVITY • You will work in pairs • You will be given reading materials about how the town of Bacolor, Pampanga was buried in 1995 by redeposited lahar derived from the eruption of Mt. Identifying the Vulnerable Groups. A risk / threat / vulnerability assessment is one of the most important elements of a comprehensive safety and security program. risk from a natural hazard is determined by the combined understanding of three components: 1. hazard: how big and how often floods, landslides, earthquakes, tsunamis), due to process characteristics (e.g. Recognizing that the impacts of disruption… 4.1 Identify Risks 4.1.1 Key Elements. economic status are the focus of attention. Identifying hazards is the first step in managing WHS risk: Step 1 - Identify hazards - Identify and find things which have the potential to cause harm, these can include: The EEA has regularly published reports on ‘Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe’ since 2004. generation mode, rate of onset, intensity, area affected, temporal persistence in the environment, etc.) Identify hazards and risk factors that have the potential to cause harm (hazard identification). The learners in this module will realize that recognizing the vulnerabilities of different elements exposed to hazard will help the community design to formulate strategies on prevention, mitigation, and immediate response and possible rehabilitations after a major event such as natural disasters, war and the other similar … 8 Lesson 1 Recognize vulnerabilities of different elements exposed to specific hazards. Examples may include poor design and construction of buildings, inadequate protection of assets, lack of public information and awareness, limited official recognition of risks and preparedness measures, and disregard for wise environmental management. For this, a probabilistic hazard assessment needs to be paired with the full assessment of the risk, which includes taking into account of the impact of the hazard on the exposed elements. Most of the cases examined were oriented to specific hazards, with only 10 of ... event and the vulnerability of the elements exposed . To assess the impact of the hazard, the first step is analyze and reconstruct the environment that can be affected. It is possible to be exposed but not vulnerable (for example by living in a floodplain but having sufficient means to modify building structure and behaviour to mitigate potential loss). The learners relate various types of hazard with a specific area for one’s preparedness. 2011). Exposure refers to people, property, systems, or other elements present in hazard zones that are thereby subject to potential losses. Exposure is a necessary, but not sufficient, determinant of risk. Social 3. exposed to specific hazards;Economic 4. • Human beings; • Dwellings or households and communities; • Building structures; • Public facilities and infrastructure assets; • Public transport system; • Agricultural commodities; and • Environmental assets The video clips are from GIZ video on "What is vulnerability and how do we adapt to climate change?" Vulnerability is not only site-specific and scale dependent but also varies for different types of hazards (e.g. One of these ways is by specifying the origin of the hazard. We explicitly recognize hazard characteristics in the hazard zone delineation and in evacuation modeling assumptions. Developmental Stages of Middle and Late Adolescence.docx, University of the Philippines Visayas • SHS STEM 11, Science 11_Module 3_Activity_Answer Sheet_Duyac_Aiedjhay.pdf, UPCAT Reviewer %2F Sample Quiz_ Diction and Vocabulary, Silliman University, Dumaguete City • SHS 11, University of the Philippines Diliman • STEM 11, Mapúa Institute of Technology • STEM-11 101. 3. floods, landslides, earthquakes, tsunamis), due to process characteristics (e.g. A more people-centered approach to disaster management was a key aspect of the forerunner to the Sendai Framework, the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005–2015. However, in common use the word is often used more broadly to include the element’s exposure. This definition follows the vulnerability component of exposure described in Turner et al. The degree to which this is effectuated depends on the intensity of the hazard (how ‘bad’ is the flood or how big is the landslide) and the intrinsic quality of each element at risk to suffer loss due that particular hazard with that particular intensity. An overview of this information is provided in Appendix 9 – Community Emergency Risk Assessment- and detailed information is included in the CERA document held by the MEMPC Executive Officer. and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate related extreme events and other economic, social, and environmental shocks and disasters” (UN 2016c). Many workplace injuries and incidents are a result of unidentified hazards, or a lack of action on controlling the risk associated with a specific hazard. Can refer to buildings as susceptible and unsafe; economies as fragile; unstable slopes as hazardous; or. In the cited definitions it is not clearly specified that hazards and vulnerability should be considered simultaneously, allowing an open interpretation and application of these concepts. 1. particular hazard;Physical 2. For a limited time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE! Vulnerability is not only site-specific and scale dependent but also varies for different types of hazards (e.g. Being prone to or susceptible to damage or injury; broadly defined as “potential for loss” (Cutter, 1996). Analyze and evaluate the risk associated with that hazard (risk analysis, and risk evaluation). generation mode, rate of onset, intensity, area affected, temporal persistence in the environ‐ ment, etc.) AT THE OF THE LESSON, THE STUDENTS WILL ABLE TO: Explain why certain sectors of society are more vulnerable to disaster than others; Analyze why certain structures are more vulnerable to specific hazards than others; Determine the elements that are exposed to a particular hazard; Recognize vulnerabilities of different elements exposed to specific hazards; and, Differentiate among hazards, exposure, and vulnerabilities and give examples from, EXPOSURE REFERS TO THE “ELEMENTS AT RISK” FROM A. and type of element (or set of elements) at risk. Multi-vulnerability may consider different exposed elements (i.e. The learners relate various types of hazard with a specific area for one’s preparedness. Get step-by-step explanations, verified by experts. Assessing the vulnerability of the built environment to hazards is extremely important in assessing potential consequences of an event and for mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into the local development planning process. Identify hazards and risk factors that have the potential to cause harm (hazard identification). Exposure is defined as “the people, property, systems, or other elements present in hazard zones that are thereby subject to potential losses” (UNISDR 2009). It developed specific research instruments designed to identify, characterise and measure vulnerability in the field in Europe. Are smoking, being exposed to second hand smoke, living in old toxic waste site and working with harmful chemicals. Physical Vulnerability may be determined by aspects such as population density levels, remoteness of a settlement, the site, design and materials used for critical infrastructure and for housing (UNISDR). A risk / threat / vulnerability assessment is one of the most important elements of a comprehensive safety and security program. Published on July 10, 2014 Exposure and vulnerability. One example of an assessment method is to determine airborne hazards through air sampling or constant monitoring depending on th… They identify which regions, sectors or system components are particularly affected by climate change, and where there is an urgent need to adapt. floods, landslides, earthquakes, tsunamis), due to process characteristics (e.g. Start studying Section 2.1 Various Elements That May Be Exposed to Hazards: Environmental, Social, and Economic. Differentiate among hazard s, exposure , and situations . FEMA offers a comprehensive Hazard Vulnerability Analysis Worksheet. Determine appropriate ways to eliminate the hazard, or control the risk when the hazard … A critical element of any effective safety and health program is a proactive, ongoing process to identify and assess such hazards. characteristics, as gender, age, health status and disability, ethnicity or race or nationality, caste or religion, and socio-. Moreover, it tackled the common elements of vulnerability in different parts of the continent. Referring to people, typically connotes social. Controls may be applied in a number of ways and in three different locations: 1. This step in the risk assessment process seeks to identify those threats and hazards which could disrupt the critical services and … While the literature and common usage often mistakenly combine exposure and vulnerability, they are distinct. This hazard and vulnerability assessment tool can help communities identify risks, address capability gaps, and evaluate preparedness: Identifying and Assessing Risks: Action: Identify threats and hazards of concern and describe their impact. One key concept in identifying a hazard is the presence of stored energy that, when released, can cause damage. Cultural hazard – also known as social hazards, result from your location, socioeconomic status, occupation and behavioral choices. Vulnerability refers to the characteristics and circumstances of a community, system or asset that make it susceptible to the damaging effects of a hazard. floods, landslides, earthquakes, tsunamis), due to process characteristics (e.g. The learners conduct hazard hunt s of exposed elements and propose corresponding corrective action s for one’s Vulnerability is related to predisposition, susceptibilities, fragilities, weaknesses, deficiencies, or lack of capacities that favor adverse effects on the exposed elements. al, 2012) Risk : The UNISDR defines disaster risk as the potential loss of life, injury, or destroyed or damaged assets which could occur to a system, society or a community in a specific period of time, determined probabilistically as a function of hazard, exposure, and capacity. 7.Environment al vulnerabilities and give examples from actual Vulnerability of each exposed element. Such hazards arise from a variety of geological, meteorological, hydrological, oceanic, biological, and technological sources, sometimes acting in combination. Thywissen (2006) and Manyena (2006) car- ried out an extensive review of the terminology. Finally, the hazard and the vulnerability map are combined into a risk map. The project also considered vulnerability from the opposite side. Capacity: Assets and abilities of the exposed element to address risk and vulnerability (Lavell, et. generation mode, rate of onset, intensity, area affected, temporal persistence in the environment, etc.) Therefore, vulnerability assessment is an essential step to reduce these consequences and consequently natural hazard risk. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. ecosystem approach) with possible different vulnerability, changing according to different types of hazards and over time. Exposure and Vulnerability The learners demonstrate understanding of… Various elements that may be exposed to hazards: 1. Elements Exposed to Hazard Exposure refers to the element at risk from a natural or man – made hazard event. Understanding the response of existing structures to potential hazards, such as ground shaking from earthquakes and wind from tropical cyclones, requires the knowledge of … Recognize vulnerabilities of different elements exposed to specific hazards; and g. Differentiate among hazards, exposure, and vulnerabilities and give examples from actual situations. Although the hazard and sustainability literature often frames vulnerability conceptually as a multidimensional issue involving exposure, sensitivity, and resilience to a hazard, assessments often focus on one element or do not recognize the hazard context. This paper focuses on the beginning stages of the hazard mitigation planning process, vulnerability assessment and risk management. One of the "root causes" of workplace injuries, illnesses, and incidents is the failure to identify or recognize hazards that are present, or that could have been anticipated. Exposure refers to people, property, systems, or other elements present in hazard zones that are thereby subject to potential losses. number of buildings) Vulnerability is not only site-specific and scale dependent but also varies for different types of hazards (e.g. An analysis of vulnerability has to be gender and age aware, since many dangerous tasks are allocated to women and children. DRR11/12 -Id 11 DRR11/12 -Id 12 DRR11/12 -Id 13 Basic concept of hazard Analyze and evaluate the risk associated with that hazard (risk analysis, and risk evaluation). Extracted from: DANIDA Workshop Papers: Improving the Urban Environment and Reducing Poverty; December 5, 2000; Copenhagen, Denmark. They identify which regions, sectors or system components are particularly affected by climate change, and where there is an urgent need to adapt. Exposure is a necessary, but not sufficient, determinant of risk. In technical settings, hazards are described quantitatively by the likely frequency of occurrence of different intensities for different areas, as determined from historical data or scientific analysis. Capacity: Assets and abilities of the exposed element to address risk and vulnerability (Lavell, et. Vulnerability is related to predisposition, susceptibilities, fragilities, weaknesses, deficiencies, or lack of capacities that favor adverse effects on the exposed elements. This preview shows page 1 - 10 out of 40 pages. 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